sources of conflicts between mining contracts and african states

Oil, Corruption and Conflict in West Africa - Kofi Annan International ...

Joint Venture Contracts and Production-sharing Contracts. 10 ... Natural resources are a noted cause of intra-state conflict and deserve recognition as such .... The role of oil, gas, and the mining sectors in West African nations has .... from oil between 2004 and 2010, not taking into account corruption, oil bunkering, and.

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Mining, development and corporate–community conflicts in Peru

The potential for social and environmental conflicts over large-scale mining projects is ... Contracts for, and the management of, the exploration and exploitation of ... of violent confrontation between the police and protesters, publicly stated that it had ... to current and new projects and created a continued source of conflict.

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Conflict resource

Conflict resources are natural resources extracted in a conflict zone and sold to perpetuate the ... For example, in the United States, the 2010 Dodd–Frank Wall Street Reform .... Control of l...

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east africa regional conflict and instability assessment - weADAPT

This report has been prepared for the United States Agency for International Development ... DFD-I-00-05-00248-00, East Africa Regional Conflict and Instability ... Instability, Crisis, and Recovery Programs (ICRP) Indefinite Quantity Contract. ..... illicit mining and trade of high-value minerals in the Great Lakes area, such as...

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Conflict resources: from 'curse' to blessing | Africa Renewal Online

Guard at an illegal diamond mine in Angola during the country's civil war ... Whether as objects of competition or sources of military financing, notes UN ... of the link between African resources and conflict than diamonds, evocatively called “blood ... by publicly revealing the details of their oil contracts in Africa and elsewhe...

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Africa in Conflict and Crisis - Stanford University

Violent and protracted civil wars in African countries such as Sierra Leone, Nigeria ... simplifies the constructive interpretation of the root causes of African conflicts. ... Between 20,000 and 75,000 people have been killed and thousands mutilated. ... In 1971, Stevens created the National Diamond Mining Company (NDMC)...

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Conflict and Coexistence in the Extractive Industries - Chatham House

Chatham House Africa Programme: Alex Vines, Tom Cargill, Markus Weimer, .... Source: Chatham House Arbitration Database (CHAD). ... The contract between government and extractive companies is inherently vulnerable. ... mining countries) announced or implemented tax or royalty increases in 2010 and 2011 alone.

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A Continent in Crisis Africa and Globalization - Third World Traveler

In response to these conflicts, many African governments have embraced ... pals with bogus contracts for white-elephant projects that contribute nothing to development. ... In South Africa and Nigeria, for example, gold mining and oil companies ... Thus, the state is caught between protecting a vital source of revenue, and...

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Costs and Causes of Conflict in the Greater Horn of Africa

Costs and Causes of Conflict in the Greater Horn of Africa ... Planting land mines in farmland. .... Some states still experience conflict between those who won and those who lost out at independence. ..... As formal economies contract or collapse, asset-stripping, authoritarianism and controlling aid inputs become attractive...

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peace, conflict, and development in africa: a ... - University for Peace

Olukoshi, State, Conflict, and Democracy in Africa: The Complex Process of ..... more than the absence of violence, seeks to eliminate the root causes of conflict, offers .... tutionalised linkages between peace and development are taking time to...

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Blood Diamonds: The Conflict in Sierra

The story of diamonds in Africa began between December 1866 and February ... Within the next fifteen years, African diamond mines produced more diamonds...

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Sustainable Mining in Africa: Standards as Essential Catalysts - ARSO

In some African countries, environmental problems and social issues caused by mining ... sources of protests and conflicts between mining companies and ...... contracts between investors and host states could constrain the state's ability to...

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Conflict minerals - EY

or contract to manufacture products where “conflict minerals are necessary to the ... non-issuer suppliers, and estimates the initial cost of compliance to be between ... Central Africa Republic ... In a change from the draft rule, the SEC determined that mining ... scrap sources originated in the Covered Countries, and it must be.

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Mineral conflict in Democratic Republic of the Congo - ResearchGate

Nov 28, 2011 ... The causes of that country's intractable conflicts are many but they revolve around ... since he started reviewing the unfair mining contracts reasonably and in ... African Union has to do more to stop conflicts in africa. people are dying ... all citizens of the DRC and all other countries in conflict over resource...

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The conflict mineral: coltan mining in DR Congo and Australia | The ...

Jul 22, 2013 ... The conflict mineral: coltan mining in DR Congo and Australia ... Perhaps most interesting for Australians is Nest's discovery of the link between Australia and the DRC ... to the fact that much of the supply was tied up in long-term contracts. ... The Chinese thirst for minerals, especially from African countries,...

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The Conflict in China's African Investment - The Atlantic

Chinese firms are striking giant mining deals in places like Zambia and the Democratic Republic of ... To the south lies Tanzania's new, state-of-the-art, 60,000-seat national sports stadium, ... “Africa is the source of at least one-third of the world's .... But China built the line, between 1970 and 1975, at the behest of two...

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Doing Business in Fragile States: The Private ... - High Level Panel

States: The Private Sector,. Natural Resources and Conflict in Africa ... The governance of natural resources has slowly become an important source for policy .... With increased investment in Africa's mining sector, spurred on by both global ... between foreign investors/private sector actors and governments is contentious;....

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Washingtonpost : Diamond Hunters Fuel Africa's Brutal Wars

Rival mining companies, security firms and mercenaries – from Africa, Europe, ... major countries pulled back from African conflicts – oil and mining companies, ... International diamond merchants and other sources say that by helping the RUF ... last year for a helicopter contract in Sierra Leone while seeking mining rights,...

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From Curse to Blessing: How Africa's Natural Resources Can Build ...

Jul 21, 2016 ... The AU adopted the African Mining Vision in 2009, followed by a ... of West African States' 2008 Conflict Prevention Framework includes initiatives for ... promote conflict- and climate-sensitive contracts between all parties. ... Source. From Curse to Blessing: How Africa's Natural Resources Can Build Peace.

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Developing and Managing Congo's Natural Resources | United ...

Jul 1, 2007 ... Insecurity and Questionable Contracts in Congo's Mining Sector ... However, the official end of conflict, elections, and a new government have not ... to trace; whereas before the civil wars, mining companies were state-owned, the ... that policymakers must distinguish between contracts that were acquired...

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